General Information On Nepal
Nepal has a rich and a most diverse culture because of its
unique location between the world’s two largest and ancient
civilizations. Nepal is the Holy Land of Lord Pashupatinath &
Gautam Buddha, where the Hindus & Buddhists have coexisted for
centuries in total harmony. Lord Buddha, the ‘light of Asia’,
was born in Lumbini in Nepal’s southern plains, which makes
Nepal a scared pilgrimage destination for all Buddhists as
well. The Temple of Pashupatinath is Nepal’s most scared Hindu
shrine and one of the four most important sites in the world
for Shiva worshippers. The three ancient cities of the Valley
- Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur represent an epitome of
harmony in urban design, elegant architecture and refined
Language & People
Nepali is the official language. English is understood by
majority of people in the cities. The country is a potpourri
of more than 61 ethnic groups & sup-groups and has over 70
different languages & dialects.
Nepal has the
sub-tropical climate .But the climatic conditions vary
considerably form place to place. To be so the country
has the varied altitude like from less than 100m.upto
more than 8000m.and the slope and the direction of the
mountains also affect the climate. North facing
mountains are comparatively cooler than south facing
mountains. Kathmandu the capital of Nepal has nice
climatic condition. The coolest night in Kathmandu is
-4° c and in summer it is approximately 30° / 32 °.
Pokhara is the rainiest place of Nepal.
Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal is linked by air with Delhi,
Kolkata, Varanasi, Banglore, Mumbai, Dhaka, Paro, Karachi,
Frankfurt, Paris, Munich, London, Vienna, Amsterdam, Dubai,
Hong Kong, Singapore, Doha, Moscow, Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, Osaka,
Shanghai & Lhasa. Notable entry points for those entering the
country by surface are Bhairahawa (Sunauli), Birgunj (Raxaul)
& Kararbhitta (Siliguri) from India and Kodari (Zhangmu) over
World Heritage Site
Kathmandu Durbar Square
Patan Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Changu Narayan Temple
Everest National Park ( 1,148 sq. kms )
Royal Chitwan National Park ( 932 sq. kms )
Customs & Export
Passengers arriving at the airport without any dutiable goods
can proceed through the Green channel for quick clearance
without a baggage check. If the passengers are carrying
dutiable articles they must pass through the Red channel with
Customs clearance. Beside personal belongings, the passengers
are allowed to bring into Nepal free are; 1 pair of
Binoculars, one still camera (with 15 rolls of film), one
movie or video camera, a laptop computer, a portable music
system, 200 cigarettes or 20 cigars, 1 bottle of liquor and a
reasonable amount of perfume.
It is illegal to export objects over 100 years old (sacred
images, paintings, manuscripts) that are valued for their
cultural and religious significance. As such, tourists are
advised not to purchase any item of antique value as they are
Nepal’s cultural heritage. The Department of Archaeology at
Ramshahpath, Kathmandu has to certify all metal statues,
sacred paintings & similar objects before carried out of the
local currency is Nepalese Rupee subdivided into 100 Paisa.
Currency notes are available in 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100,
500 & 1000 rupee denominations.
Import of Indian currency by any tourist except Indian
nationals is strictly prohibited. A foreign exchange
encashment receipt must be obtained for all foreign currency
exchanged and it is possible to exchange back into foreign
currency upon production of exchange receipts at the time of
departure at the airport. Credit cards like American Express,
Master & Visa cards are widely accepted at all major hotels,
shops & restaurants.
Saturday is the weekly holiday. Only government offices in
Kathmandu are closed on Sundays as well. Most of the shops and
Tibetan refugee camps remain closed on Saturdays. All museums
remain closed on Tuesdays and government holidays.
of its geo-diversity, Nepal offers an astonishing variety of
holiday activities and adventure opportunities found nowhere
else on earth. Adventure tourism in Nepal dates back to the
early attempts to scale the world’s highest peaks. While
trekking, mountaineering and game watching have long been
popular, an entire range of other possibilities have been
explored in the recent years; hot-air ballooning, mountain
flight excursion, whitewater rafting, canoeing,
mountain-biking, motor-biking, fishing, rock climbing,
paragliding, ultra-light aircraft flights, pony treks & bungy-jumping
etc; The varied landscape offers some of the best sites for
such exciting activities; raging rivers to run, mountains to
scale, clear blue skies to glide through, beautiful lakes to
swim in, fascinating villages to explore, unpolluted rivers to
fish in or raft down and a wild terrain to travel through.
We recommend that the clients get themselves immunized against
certain illness that are not prevalent in their home country
such as Cholera, Typhoid, Malaria, Meningitis, Hepatitis etc;
Their physician would be best able to advise them on the
availability and administration of these inoculations.
Please ensure that all water is boiled & filtered before
consumption. Normally all hotels and reputed restaurants in
Kathmandu serve boiled & filtered water. If in doubt, please
stick to soft drinks or bottled mineral water.
travel insurance policy that covers theft, loss & medical
treatment is recommended. Tourists should make sure that their
insurance policies also cover soft adventure activities during
their stay in Nepal such as rafting, trekking etc; For high
altitude trekkers and climbers, policies should also cover
helicopter evacuation expenses in the eventuality of serious
illness or accident or if clients are stranded in remote areas
due to unexpected bad weather conditions
simple but adequate First Aid medical kit can be most useful.
The followings are recommended:
Aspirin - for pain or fever
2. Antihistamine - useful as a decongestant for colds,
allergies, to ease the itch from insect
3. Antibiotic - useful if the clients are traveling well off
the beaten track
4. Kaolin preparation (Pepto-Bismol), Imodium or Lomita, for
treatment of severe diarrhea.
5. Antiseptic, Mercurochrome & antibiotic powder or similar
“dry spray” - for cuts & stings
6. Bandages & band-aids - for minor injuries.
7. Scissors & a thermometer.
8. Insect repellent, sun block, sustain lotion, water
10. Antacid tablets